German Shepherd Dog Breed Information

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German Shepherds are one of the most popular dog breeds in the world for a reason- they make great pets. They are loyal, intelligent, and have a strong work ethic. 

If you’re thinking about adding a German Shepherd to your family, here is some essential information on the breed you need to know.

German Shepherd Dog Breed Information

Vital Stats

Dog Breed Group

Herding Dogs


65-90 pounds (male)50-70 pounds (female)


24-26 inches (male)22-24 inches (female)


7-10 years

Breed Characteristics & Traits

About the Breed

The German Shepherd is a large, robust, and athletic dog breed originally bred in Germany in the 1800s. They were initially bred as herding dogs, but today they are popular pets and working dogs in many different roles. German Shepherds are intelligent, loyal, and protective, making them great family dogs. They need plenty of exercise and socialization and are not a good fit for everyone.

German Shepherd Breed Appearance

German Shepherds are large dogs, with males standing 24-26 inches tall at the shoulder and females 22-24 inches tall. 

They have long bodies with solid backs and muscular legs. The head is large and rectangular, with a long muzzle and erect ears. 

The coat is thick and dense, with various colors, including black, tan, and red. German Shepherds shed a lot, so they are not a good fit for people allergic to dogs.

German Shepherd Personality

German Shepherds are intelligent dogs and need plenty of exercise and socialization. They can be aggressive if not properly trained, so it is essential to ensure you are prepared for what owning a German Shepherd entails before bringing one into your home.

One of the most important things to remember when owning a German Shepherd is to ensure they get plenty of exercise. They need at least an hour of exercise each day, preferably more.

In addition to exercise, German Shepherds also need plenty of socialization. They should be exposed to other people, animals, and places as often as possible to prevent them from becoming aggressive or fearful. Without enough socialization, German Shepherds can become shy or anxious.

Proper training is also essential for German Shepherds. They are intelligent and can be easily trained if you use positive reinforcement methods. However, they can become aggressive or destructive if not adequately trained.

German Shepherd History

German Shepherds were initially bred in Germany in the 1800s. They were bred as herding dogs, and their original purpose was to help farmers with their flock of sheep. German Shepherds were brought to the United States in the early 1900s and quickly became popular as working dogs and family pets.

German Shepherds are now considered one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States and worldwide. They are known for their intelligence, strength, and agility.

What To Expect When Caring For a ​German Shepherd

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